Музеи, посвященные истории одного предмета

Aug 25, 2011 80 Comments Автор

Существуют предметы, олицетворяющие собой историю целой эпохи, культуры, либо принадлежат великому человеку. В мире есть музеи, которые на экспозицию выставляют всего один экспонат -  редкий и очень значимый. Прогуляемся?

 

 

 

Во Франции, в Компьенском лесу находится музей штабного вагона маршала Фоша,  ставшего своеобразным символом двух мировых войн, которые пережило человечество в прошлом веке. В вагоне был подписан договор о перемирии стран Атланты в июне 1940 года. Символичность вагона в том, что это… копия. Немцы, для которых это соглашение было унизительным, уничтожили оригинал.

В вагоне воссоздана атмосфера тех лет, там находятся и подлинные вещи, которые использовали участники исторических событий.

В Стокгольме (Швеция) есть музей корабля  «Ваза». Его можно назвать «Титаником» XVII века: этому роскошному судну было суждено сделать только одно морское путешествие. Несовершенство конструкции, созданной самим королем Швеции Густавом II Адольфом и стало причиной трагедии: 10 августа 1628 года “Ваза” затонул.

В 1961 году корабль был поднят со дна, и с 1990 года ценный экспонат выставляется в одном из самых посещаемых музеев Швеции.

В Пензе (Россия) есть музей одной картины Г.В. Мясникова.  Это единственное место в мире, где выставляется только одно полотно.

Музей был создан секретарем пензенского обкома КПСС, историком  Георгием Мясниковым. В музее поочередно выставляются картины  великих художников, его стены украшали Суриков, Тициан, Рембрандт, Шишкин и другие. Перед просмотром полотна, посетителям показывают документальный фильм о жизни и творчестве автора.

 

 

В Турине (Италия) находится музей Туринской плащаницы. Историки до сих пор спорят о том, является ли этот предмет подлинной христианской реликвией либо искусной подделкой древних мастеров. А может быть, это один из шедевров Леонардо да Винчи?

Музей открылся в 1936 году, экспозиция рассказывает обо всех изысканиях, связанных с плащаницей, которая хранится в соборе Святого Иоанна Крестителя и крайне редко выставляется на обозрение широкой публике.

В Филадельфии (США, штат Пенсильвания) есть музей колокола Свободы, который был открыт в 2003 году. Для самих американцев изучение истории колокола входит в школьную программу, а сам экспонат является предметом гордости. Посетителям музея представлена обширная экспозиция, рассказывающая об истории этого предмета, на котором отлиты слова из Библии: «И объявите свободу на земле всем жителям ее». Ежегодно, 4 июля, в день, когда была подписана Декларация независимости,  потомки участников этого события осторожно бьют в колокол 13 раз.

По материалам Forbes

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